Category Archives: education

Teaching Methods in History

History is the record of human past activities that are taking place on the earth surface. Teaching methods are different principles and methods that are used to instruct students in a learning environment. The methods used by a teacher will depend on the skills or information the teacher would like to convey to their students. Some of the most common teaching methods are memorization, class participation, recitation, and demonstration. While these teaching methods are widely used, every instructor has a specific teaching method. Teachers must be flexible in their methods and often adjust their style of teaching to accommodate their students.

Efficient teaching methods are essential tools that can help students achieve success in the classroom. Each student has a different personality and learning abilities. There are several factors that a teacher must consider when choosing a teaching method for their students. some determining factors for selecting a teaching method include the student’s interest and background knowledge, as well as their environment and learning abilities. Teachers also help their students learn with various aids such as Auditory, Kinesthetic, and visual aids. Instructors use these teaching methods to help students understand and complete class assignments.

Teaching method as a history often includes lesson plans that students can use to help retain and recall information. Various forms of teaching methods used with lesson plans are explanation, demonstration, and collaboration. The explanation is similar to a lecture that provides detailed information about the specific subject. Demonstrations are used to provide visual learning opportunities from different view and collaboration allows students to participate.

TYPES OF TEACHING METHODS
There are two main types of teaching methods which are a non-participatory method and participatory method. They are considered as the major categories though non-participatory methods only one type can be used which is the lecture method. This can be applied in the case of high population or large number of students in the class. The following are the major methods of teaching that are applied as the participatory methods of teaching especially in teaching history:

1. STORYTELLING METHOD – These are methods of teaching that is applied as the main method particularly in the low population classes. For instance, when teaching in the class you mainly may decide to choose some certain topic and tell the story related so as to attract the understanding of the students to understand the lesson. The teacher ensures the time scheduled in the time table and the scheme of work of the lesson plan and lesson notes are all following in a smooth.

2. DEMONSTRATION METHOD – Teaching strategies is the careful plan of actions to achieve a goal, or the art of developing, or carry out such a scheme. This is an elaborate and systematic plan of action. This is all plan made to help learners to access the information. Teaching strategies can apply for this and not for that. Teaching strategies should aim at involving audio, visual, and audiovisual and kinesthetic learning aids. The demonstration method may be applied in a small class different from lecture method that can be applied where the class population is high.

3. QUESTION AND ANSWER METHOD- These methods also refer to the system under which applied by teaching in the class to make sure that the students are memorizing and assure the understanding is becoming very high in class. The prior knowledge of the student is considered to be of very important. From this fountain is where the trench of knowledge is to dig to make a big and wide canal of knowledge. Through this means, it assures the students and the teacher to share deferments issues.

4. DEBATE METHOD – This applied by the teacher depending on the nature of the class that whoever the class is small or large, it will enable a teacher to design on the changes upon a class. For example; attaining of instructional objectives depend on the method used. If the objectives need the student to list, mention or naming then the teaching method, strategies and techniques must relate to listing, mentioning, or naming.

5. EXPLANATION METHOD – This is a method under which the instructors tend to use the lesson notes from different sources to brainstorming his or her student and assuring them to understand the lesson as well. Here the teacher act as the main instructor and the students tends to listen to him or her when explaining.

4 Great Benefits of Studying Abroad

The option to study abroad can present a wide range of beneficial experiences for the young person. One of the most appealing aspects is the ability to learn and appreciate the culture of a different country and really see how other people live. Plus, it can really help to bring out a person’s independent nature. Let’s take a look at four of the key benefits:

Discover a new country

A great reason to apply to study abroad is the opportunity to experience life in a brand-new country. This makes it possible to appreciate different activities, customs, and outlooks. In addition to studying, the time in your host country can include exploring the local landmarks, museums, natural wonders and new terrains. Also, there may be plenty of opportunities to visit neighboring countries. For instance, if you are studying in a European country, it can be very easy to reach other major cities like Rome, Barcelona, Paris and London.

Great education

The ability to study aboard makes it possible to learn a qualification or experience a different style of education that isn’t an option at home. Also, when you are away from home with fewer distractions, there is a greater chance that you will fully immerse yourself in your education.

Also, this has the potential to enhance your future career opportunities because the option to study abroad will show you have a willingness to learn, a great education, the likelihood of better language skills, and a new perspective on culture.

Experience a new culture

For many young students, this could be their first time away from home for an extended period of time. This makes it a great time to learn many new life experiences, including the local culture of the host country. Even after a short period of time in a new country, you can soon learn to appreciate and understand the local people, social atmospheres, traditions, customs, and history.

Discover new interests

A further wonderful reason to look elsewhere to study is the ability to discover new interests and activities. Many of the new things picked up in a host country may not even be possible at home. After trying out new things, there is a chance that you will find you have a talent for a local activity or sport like golf, snow skiing, water sports or hiking. Also, there will likely be plenty of fun and exciting ways to stay entertained, such as going to concerts, nightclubs, movies, or plays.

Importance of Road Safety Education

Public health problems are taken into serious considerations for the effective solution of problems. Health problems include number of entities but unfortunately, things are not pertained into serious frame in our country ‘Pakistan’. Health and Education are the two important and focused parameters that should be on prior basis for any developing country because it is associated for the rapid change in the economy of respective country. Due to the increase in vehicle ownership, the graphical trend of road traffic accidents in Pakistan is abruptly disturbed which include minor, severe and fatal road crashes of all type of road users. The problem is again connected with the health issue, road traffic is not a problem that should be tackled through Enforcement action, it is a common health problem affecting common public. As per the statistical analysis of Social Research and Development Organization (Non Government Organization and Research center working on the effective road safety education culture and promotion for entire Sindh), high severity rate is recorded for Karachi, a metropolitan city of Pakistan. The areas include Korangi road, Korangi Industrial area, National Highway (Urban), MA Jinnah road and Shahrah-e-Faisal.

There is the immense need to facilitate the users in terms of effective road safety education. Education is the least important parameter among the three E’s of transportation but it could play the major role when set from initial phases. In this connection planning and management from the perspective of stakeholders is mandatory. Road users are not aware from civic sense, traffic rules and regulations and unfortunately they are the registered direct license holders of vehicles. This corresponds to the negligence driving by the road users and ultimately leading towards road crash. It is not the blame game to target the users but it needs the orientation of existing system. The system should be designed in a manner that without basic road safety knowledge, a person should not be able to withstand for his/her personal vehicle. Road safety education and important subject matter should be introduced at primary; secondary and higher level in order to better immaculate the awareness raising issue. Inauguration of traffic safety seminars, forums, conferences not only for the relevant stakeholders but also for the common man is another important way forward step of betterment. It should be the part of documented legislation that road users are capable enough to attend these types of seminars in the past at the time when license is issued.

Government functionary bodies, Private sector, Universities, Schools, Colleges, Engineers and Practitioners need to sit together and should work on the curriculum and syllabus of road safety education at different levels. For any productive result, the basics should be as stronger and involvement of road safety in the syllabus is the first step. After the accomplishment of this step, the further steps including the awareness programs, Engineering and Enforcement issues will be partially resolved. In the similar way, training sessions should be arranged and effectively designed for each class of road user like drivers, riders, pedestrians and passengers. Each class has its own responsibilities and rights and they are linked with technical traffic crash problem.

Road safety is a problem that cannot be resolved overnight or even removed but it can be minimized in number of ways discussed above. Apart from that, it is also the responsibility of every single individual to develop civic sense which is the major issue. Every one is interested in his/her own share within the traffic stream. The traffic environment is dependent on the players of the road that are basically road users and their skills can be enhanced only by proper road safety education.

Safety is feature that should be taken as common public health problem. Most of the developing countries are affected with the high rate of traffic crashes incorporating number of minor, serious and fatal accidents. Number of studies have done and various researchers are working on this area creating a balance between three E’s of transportation which are basically Education, Engineering and Enforcement. The article is based on promoting the road safety education at various levels and it is pertained to start the work with the step of education. In this connection, safety seminars, forums, licensing and training are more focused in the article with support and evidences.